5 Interesting Facts About Lesotho, Africa’s Coldest Country

The African continent is not associated with extremely cold weather. No, such is reserved for the ice tundras of Siberia and the Arctic and Antarctic Circles.

However, on the Southern Coast of Africa lies a country within a country called Lesotho. Completely surrounded by South Africa, Lesotho boasts of many amazing wonders of nature. Here are few.

1. Lesotho has the Highest lowest Point in the World-

Lesotho is called the “Kingdom of the Sky.” But why? This is because Lesotho is a highly mountainous nation. The lowest point there is at 4,593 ft or 1,400 m which is the highest lowest point of any of the world’s nations. It is the world’s only nation to be completely above an elevation of 1,000 m. More than 80% of the country is located above 1,800 meters.

Sani Pass in Lesotho.

2. Lesotho has a Large Diamond Deposit as well as Plenty Water-
Being a mountainous country, Lesotho has many mountain streams with a potential to generate hydroelectric power. The country is nearly self-sufficient in electricity production. It also sells water and electricity to neighboring South Africa. In 2010, the country earned nearly US$70 million from its sale of both the resources to South Africa. Lesotho also has large diamond reservoirs and diamond export also earns great revenue for the nation.

3. Lesotho is Africa’s Coldest Nation-

In Africa’s coldest country, Lesotho, it can get so cold that even rivers, waterfalls, streams and dams get completely frozen over.

Frozen rivers in Lesotho.

4. Lesotho has one of the Largest Dinosaur footprints-

is highly popular among paleontologists and archeologists since one of the largest dinosaur footprints in the world has been discovered here. The earliest discoveries of dinosaur fossils in Lesotho were made by the early explorers and missionaries who arrived in Lesotho. A treasure of bones, shells, and fossils of the pre-historic times are located here.

Footprint of dinosaur. Shot in Tsehlanyane Nature Reserve, Lesotho. Image credit: PhotoSky/Shutterstock.com

5. There are still Cave Dwellers in Lesotho-

In the district of Berea in Lesotho, a group of people still live in mud caves in the mountains. The cave dwellings found here were built in the first half of the 19th century by a local tribal chief named Chief Teleka. He belongs to the Basia clan residing in the region. The caves were built so that his people could hide from the invading Basotho people. The Basotho had resorted to cannibalism following a late 18th-century drought in their area of living. Today, the Kom Caves are also visited by tourists from all corners of the globe.

Two indigenous women in front of cave dwellings made out of mud in the district of Berea, Lesotho. Image credit: Chr. Offenberg/Shutterstock.com.

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